With every passing day, there is a rapid increase in people traveling from one point to another. There is a huge responsibility to drive safely so that the rate of accidents can be lower. People driving large vehicles are at higher risk to be the reason of accidents so they must be assessed for their medical impairment and to confirm that they are not under the influence of drugs to avoid a dangerous outcome.
Transportation companies and truck drivers performing safety-sensitive work have to go through drug testing program under the law implemented by the Department of Transportation (DOT).
Employees working in sensitive workplaces should be drug tested under following scenarios:
It is a painless, convenient, and rapid urine analysis to determine the presence of illegal drugs and substance usage.
Following are five classes of drugs included in DOT Drug Testing:
Above mentioned 5-panel test is observed in DOT Urine Test.
A urine drug test can detect alcohol if taken 12 hours before the test. DOT Urine Test is exclusively performed for drug testing. Alcohol can be tested through breath and saliva test.
The process consists of three components:
DOT provided steps are stated below:
4. Laboratory Tests
5. Medical Review
The MRO reviews the lab reports and observes results keenly and makes sure if the results are substituted or not. An interview is also conducted to review all medical reports and an examination is also taken by the MRO-approved physician.
6. Verified Results
7. Right of employee
Employees after receiving a notification and interview by MRO within 72 hours can request an examination of container “B” by another certified laboratory.
Approximately 45ml urine is needed in a sealed container and its temperature is tested. If it is not in the temperature range set by lab the sample is recollected.
It means a period in which a drug can be identified in the system by the analysis of urine. The detection window for urinalysis is 2-3 days after that drug leaves the system and cannot be identified.