Cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug that is primarily extracted from the coca plant mainly found in South America. Due to its highly addictive nature, cocaine is often abused and therefore declared as a Schedule II controlled substance which means it is illegal in the United States until or unless used for a medical purpose by health professionals.
Cocaine comes in two chemical forms i.e. white powder which is snorted and crystalized form crack cocaine which is smoked.
After being ingested, cocaine rapidly dissolves in the bloodstream and alters the mechanics of the brain producing high levels of dopamine, a hormone that causes the sensation of pleasure, therefore leading to a euphoric state, high alertness, increased energy level, and intense pleasure. However, these effects last for a very short period and are followed by a crash leading to depression and anxiety. Long-term and excessive usage of cocaine can cause a variety of health issues, including cardiovascular, neurological, and mental health problems.
The half-life of cocaine is one hour which means the drug is eliminated from the body within 2 hours.
The cocaine drug test can either be done by urine test or hair follicle drug test depending upon the choice of detection window. Depending upon the frequency and dose of the drug it can be detected in a urine test for 3 days approx. and for a few months in a hair test.
Drug testing is an integral part of workplace safety protocols, ensuring a secure and productive environment for employees. Cocaine is included in 5 panels of drugs that are primarily conducted by employers who are federally mandated for safety-sensitive positions including marijuana, cocaine, amphetamine/methamphetamine, opiates, and PCP.
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